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Stickers of Indian films and stars decorate taxis and buses in Nigeria's Northern Region , and posters of Indian films hang on the walls of tailoring shops and mechanics' garages.

Unlike Europe and North America, where Indian films cater to the expatriate marke, Bollywood films became popular in West Africa despite the lack of a significant Indian audience.

One possible explanation is cultural similarity: the wearing of turbans, animals in markets; porters carrying large bundles, and traditional wedding celebrations.

Within Muslim culture, Indian movies were said to show "respect" toward women; Hollywood movies were seen as having "no shame".

In Indian movies, women are modestly dressed; men and women rarely kiss and there is no nudity , so the films are said to "have culture" which Hollywood lacks.

The latter "don't base themselves on the problems of the people"; Indian films are based on socialist values and the reality of developing countries emerging from years of colonialism.

Indian movies permitted a new youth culture without "becoming Western. In South Africa , film imports from India were watched by black and Indian audiences.

Bollywood, however, seems to be diminishing in popularity in Africa. New Bollywood films are more sexually explicit and violent. Nigerian viewers observed that older films from the s and s had more culture and were less Westernised.

The first Indian film to be released in the Western world and receive mainstream attention was Aan , directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Dilip Kumar and Nimmi.

It was subtitled in 17 languages and released in 28 countries, [] including the United Kingdom , [] the United States , and France.

Many Bollywood films have been commercially successful in the United Kingdom. Bollywood is also appreciated in France, Germany , the Netherlands , [] and Scandinavia.

Pressured by rushed production schedules and small budgets, some Bollywood writers and musicians have been known to plagiarise.

Before the s, plagiarism occurred with impunity. Copyright enforcement was lax in India, and few actors or directors saw an official contract.

Audiences may not have been aware of plagiarism, since many in India were unfamiliar with foreign films and music.

A commonly-reported justification for plagiarism in Bollywood is that cautious producers want to remake popular Hollywood films in an Indian context.

Although screenwriters generally produce original scripts, many are rejected due to uncertainty about whether a film will be successful.

Copying is endemic everywhere in India. Our TV shows are adaptations of American programmes. We want their films, their cars, their planes, their Diet Cokes and also their attitude.

The American way of life is creeping into our culture. There's no such thing as originality in the creative sphere". Although very few cases of film-copyright violations have been taken to court because of a slow legal process, [] the makers of Partner and Zinda were targeted by the owners and distributors of the original films: Hitch and Oldboy.

The Pakistani Qawwali musician Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan had a big impact on Bollywood music, inspiring numerous Indian musicians working in Bollywood, especially during the s.

However, there were many instances of Indian music directors plagiarising Khan's music to produce hit filmi songs. He should at least respect my religious songs.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Hindi film industry. For the entire film culture of India, see Cinema of India.

For the tree species, see Bollywood tree. Not to be confused with Hollywood. Hindi language film industry. Mythology and folklore. Mythology folklore Indian epic poetry Vedic mythology Buddhist mythology.

Architecture Sculpture Painting. Indian poetry. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites. Flag Coat of arms.

It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled History of Indian cinema. Discuss April The Salim—Javed screenwriting duo, consisting of Salim Khan left and Javed Akhtar , revolutionized Indian cinema in the s [64] and are considered Bollywood's greatest screenwriters.

Shah Rukh Khan , one of the " Three Khans ", in He was the most successful Indian actor for most of the s and s [87].

Aamir Khan , one of the "Three Khans", in He has been the most successful Indian actor since the late s.

See also: Muslim social. See also: Bombay Hindi and Tapori word. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: List of highest-grossing Indian films in overseas markets and List of highest-grossing Indian films.

Bollywood portal India portal Film portal. Retrieved 13 August The Numbers. Film Federation of India. Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 25 November Retrieved 21 April The Hindu.

Retrieved 8 April Bombay Cinema: An Archive of the City. University of Minnesota Press. The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 November Frommer's India.

How Hollywood works. Jha; Subhash The Essential Guide to Bollywood. Roli Books. Business Week. Creativity at Work.

Copenhagen Business School. Archived from the original PDF on 30 January Retrieved 18 December National Science and Media Museum.

Oxford University Press. JA: I write dialogue in Urdu, but the action and descriptions are in English. Then an assistant transcribes the Urdu dialogue into Devnagari because most people read Hindi.

But I write in Urdu. So most dialogue-writers and most song-writers are from the Urdu discipline, even today.

Film World. I feel that the Government should eradicate the age-old evil of certifying Urdu films as Hindi ones. It is a known fact that Urdu has been willingly accepted and used by the film industry.

Two eminent Urdu writers Krishan Chander and Ismat Chughtai have said that "more than seventy-five per cent of films are made in Urdu. It is a gross misrepresentation and unjust to the people who love Urdu.

Bollywood: a guidebook to popular Hindi cinema. Psychology Press. Retrieved 25 April An introduction to film studies.

Hindustan Times. Penguin UK. The Times of India. Retrieved 20 February BenBella Books, Inc. Retrieved 10 March Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 31 May Chennai, India.

The Telegraph Calcutta. Cultural Dynamics. Madhava Prasad traces the origin of the term to a article in the American Cinematographer by Wilford E.

Deming, an American engineer who apparently helped produce the first Indian sound picture. At this point, the Calcutta suburb of Tollygunge was the main center of film production in India.

Deming refers to the area as Tollywood, since it already boasted two studios with 'several more projected' Prasad, 'Tolly', rhyming with 'Holly', got hinged to 'wood' in the Anglophone Indian imagination, and came to denote the Calcutta studios and, by extension, the local film industry.

Prasad surmises: 'Once Tollywood was made possible by the fortuitous availability of a half-rhyme, it was easy to clone new Hollywood babies by simply replacing the first letter' Prasad, Retrieved 1 November The Guardian.

Retrieved 20 September Dadasaheb Phalke, the father of Indian cinema. Retrieved 17 November New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. The Tribune. Retrieved 9 March Migrants, Refugees and the Stateless in South Asia.

SAGE Publications. From Midnight to Glorious Morning? Haus Publishing. Moti Gokulsing, K. Gokulsing, Wimal Dissanayake Trentham Books. Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism.

Economic and Political Weekly. Thaindian News. Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 29 July Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 15 July Film in review; 'Mother India ' ".

The New York Times. Retrieved 7 June University of California, Los Angeles. Archived from the original on 20 June Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 19 September Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 12 November Dear Cinema.

Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 13 April Passion For Cinema. Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 1 December Retrieved 29 November Hero Vol.

Hay House. Penguin Books. Legends of Indian cinema: pen portraits. Har-Anand Publications. Penguin Group. Vanity Fair. Retrieved 4 January FAB Press.

The Independent. Retrieved 9 February BBC News. Retrieved 11 October Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 22 November Khaleej Times.

Archived from the original on 2 June Retrieved 24 November Lotus Collection, Roli Books. Retrieved 6 August India Today.

World Bank. Retrieved 15 December And then I had forgotten that lndia leads the world in film production, with motion pictures up from the previous year.

University of Texas Press. Bollywood's India: A Public Fantasy. Columbia University Press. Bollywood Hungama. Archived from the original on 23 March Retrieved 11 April Retrieved 19 June Archived from the original on 17 June Retrieved 11 May US State Department.

Retrieved 8 January The Asian Age. Box Office India. Retrieved 15 July Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 29 September Retrieved 6 February Moti; Dissanayake, Wimal Visual Anthropology.

Bengali Cinema: 'An Other Nation'. Filming the Gods: Religion and Indian Cinema. Daily News and Analysis.

Retrieved 3 June Retrieved 20 January Amsterdam University Press. Hong Kong University Press. Retrieved 15 January Social Scientist.

Oxford Scholarship Online. Random House Publishers. Retrieved 15 May The Age. Retrieved 24 January Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 23 January Archived from the original on 30 January Retrieved 30 January Hong Kong Cinemagic.

Retrieved 21 November The Cinema of Tsui Hark. The Diplomat. Retrieved 26 May Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 1 March Mitra Rutgers University Press , p.

Bollywood: Sociology Goes To the Movies. Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 9 December Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Archived from the original on 13 June Chatterji, Shoma 30 June Retrieved 9 August The cinematic imagiNation sic : Indian popular films as social history.

Rutgers University Press. CNN International. Retrieved 29 December The Telegraph. Bollywood Melodies: A History. Penguin Books India.

Retrieved 13 March Journal of International and Intercultural Communication. Retrieved 21 June The Huffington Post UK.

Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 8 December Zee News. Retrieved 12 December Retrieved 14 February The Economic Times.

Retrieved 20 August Bollywood Posters. Culture and Global Change. Indian Television. Archived from the original on 20 February Archived from the original on 31 July China Daily.

Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 5 February Archived from the original on 30 March Retrieved 23 February Outlook India.

Archived from the original on 22 February Bollywood Life. Archived from the original on 3 April Archived from the original on 9 August Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 31 December Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies.

Senri Ethnological Studies, Reitaku University. Archived from the original PDF on 22 July The Indian Media Business.

Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 29 March South China Morning Post. Press Trust of India. Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 12 January Joseph 20 November Archived from the original on 5 December Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 14 June Bloomberg News.

Business Standard. Sina Corp. China News Service. The Hollywood Reporter. China Film Insider. Retrieved 4 April Indo-Asian News Service.

Archived from the original on 12 February Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original on 20 January The Sydney Morning Herald.

The World Reporter. Retrieved 1 August Russia Beyond. Indiana University — via Google Books. Archived from the original on 9 November Archived from the original on 3 December Archived from the original on 26 June Mumbai Mirror.

Retrieved 20 March The National. Abu Dhabi. Stars Ayushmann Khurrana Directed by Hitesh Kewalya Produced by Aanand L Rai Retrieved 10 May Trailer of Doordarshan Directed by Gagan Puri Produced by Ritu Arya Miliye Guddu Shukla se First look poster of GunsOfBanaras Directed by Shekkhar Suri Taran Adarsh.

Retrieved 13 January Deccan Herald. After Article15, director Anubhav Sinha's new film is titled Thappad Release date finalized: 28 Feb Produced by Bhushan Kumar and Anubhav Sinha First glimpse".

Taran Adarsh on Twitter. Retrieved 16 December Republic World. Directed by Ahmed Khan Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 8 March Stars SanjayMishra and DeepakDobriyal Directed by Hardik Mehta Drishyam Films production Retrieved 31 January India Today.

Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 18 March Business Insider. The Times of India. Archived from the original on 10 April Retrieved 7 April Retrieved 30 April NDTV Gadgets Retrieved 13 May Indian Express.

Retrieved 14 May Telangana Today. Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 2 July Mid Day. Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 12 July Retrieved 16 July India TV News.

Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 6 August Retrieved 27 August Retrieved 7 September Gadgets Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 3 September Retrieved 4 September Retrieved 21 September Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 11 September News Retrieved 29 September Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 19 October Punjab Kesari.

Retrieved 23 October Retrieved 9 October Retrieved 12 October Film portal Lists portal. Indian films by year and decade.

Bollywood Hindi. Assamese Punjabi. Silent films of South India. Lists of films by country. Botswana South Africa. Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan.

Canada Greenland United States. Categories : Lists of Bollywood films by year Lists of films by country or language in Indian cinema.

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Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan. Love Aaj Kal. Pen Marudhar Entertainment. Ghost Stories. Bhangra Paa Le. Sab Kushal Mangal.

Shimla Mirchi. Viacom18 Motion Pictures. Abhijeet Singh Arindita Kalita. Jai Mummy Di. Street Dancer 3D. Happy Hardy and Heer. Jawaani Jaaneman. Operation Parindey.

Kaanchli Life in a Slough. Reliance Entertainment , ZEE5. The Hundred Bucks. Colour Yellow Productions , T-Series.

Roy Kapur Films , Netflix. Guns of Banaras. Haunted Hills. O Pushpa I Hate Tears. Red Chillies Entertainment , Drishyam Films.

Angrezi Medium. Serial Killer. What Are the Odds. Chintu Ka Birthday. Devanshu Kumar Satyanshu Singh. Saregama India , Yoodlee films.

Gulabo Sitabo. Chaman Bahaar.

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Erneut ist die hölzerne Ananas in Henrys Tiki-Bar zu sehen. Item is in original shrink wrap if applicable. Subject to credit approval. Näheres erfahren Sie durch einen Klick auf das i. Sei jetzt mit dabei!!! Bollywoodlove ist die erste offizielle App in Deutschland, die es dir möglich machen wird, sämtliche Bollywood Songs und. bollywoodlove | m people have watched this. Watch short videos about #​bollywoodlove on TikTok. Das Kissen Bollywood Love macht ihr Sofa zur Bühne. Die exklusiven Kissenhüllen von Velvet Crown Interior werden nach eigenen Entwürfen von einer. Episode: Staffel: 4, Episode: 6 (Psych 4x06). Deutsch: Bollywood Love - Töte und denke nur an morgen. Original: Bollywood Homicide. Erstausstrahlung USA. Sei jetzt mit dabei!!! Bollywoodlove ist die erste offizielle App in Deutschland, die es dir möglich machen wird, sämtliche Bollywood Songs und.

Indian film composer A. Danny Boyle 's Slumdog Millionaire , which won four Golden Globes and eight Academy Awards , was inspired by Bollywood films [72] [] and is considered an "homage to Hindi commercial cinema".

The influence of filmi may be seen in popular music worldwide. Technopop pioneers Haruomi Hosono and Ryuichi Sakamoto of the Yellow Magic Orchestra produced a electronic album, Cochin Moon , based on an experimental fusion of electronic music and Bollywood-inspired Indian music.

The Kronos Quartet re-recorded several R. Filmi music composed by A. Rahman who received two Academy Awards for the Slumdog Millionaire soundtrack has frequently been sampled by other musicians, including the Singaporean artist Kelly Poon , the French rap group La Caution and the American artist Ciara.

Many Asian Underground artists, particularly those among the overseas Indian diaspora , have also been inspired by Bollywood music.

Bollywood films are primarily musicals, and are expected to have catchy song-and-dance numbers woven into the script.

A film's success often depends on the quality of such musical numbers. Indian audiences expect value for money, and a good film is generally referred to as paisa vasool , literally "money's worth".

These are called masala films , after the Hindi word for a spice mixture. Like masalas , they are a mixture of action, comedy and romance; most have heroes who can fight off villains single-handedly.

Bollywood plots have tended to be melodramatic , frequently using formulaic ingredients such as star-crossed lovers, angry parents, love triangles, family ties, sacrifice, political corruption, kidnapping, villains, kind-hearted courtesans , long-lost relatives and siblings, reversals of fortune and serendipity.

Parallel cinema films, in and outside Bollywood, tended to be less popular at the box office. A large Indian diaspora in English-speaking countries and increased Western influence in India have nudged Bollywood films closer to Hollywood.

According to film critic Lata Khubchandani, "Our earliest films Strangely, it was after Independence the censor board came into being and so did all the strictures.

Bollywood employs people from throughout India. It attracts thousands of aspiring actors hoping for a break in the industry. Models and beauty contestants, television actors, stage actors and ordinary people come to Mumbai with the hope of becoming a star.

As in Hollywood, very few succeed. Since many Bollywood films are shot abroad, many foreign extras are employed. Very few non-Indian actors are able to make a mark in Bollywood, although many have tried.

However, industry connections are no guarantee of a long career: competition is fierce, and film-industry scions will falter if they do not succeed at the box office.

Film scripts known as dialogues in Indian English and their song lyrics are often written by different people. Scripts are usually written in an unadorned Hindustani , which would be understood by the largest possible audience.

Salim-Javed wrote in Urdu script , which was then transcribed by an assistant into Devanagari script so Hindi readers could read the Urdu dialogues.

Some films have used regional dialects to evoke a village setting, or archaic Urdu in medieval historical films. In her book, The Cinematic ImagiNation , Jyotika Virdi wrote about the presence of Urdu in Hindi films: "Urdu is often used in film titles, screenplay, lyrics, the language of love, war, and martyrdom.

It is true that many Urdu words have survived and have become part of Hindi cinema's popular vocabulary. But that is as far as it goes For the most part, popular Hindi cinema has forsaken the florid Urdu that was part of its extravagance and retained a 'residual' Urdu".

Contemporary mainstream films also use English; according to the article "Bollywood Audiences Editorial", "English has begun to challenge the ideological work done by Urdu.

The blend of Hindi, Urdu and English sometimes heard in modern Bollywood films, known as Hinglish , has become increasingly common.

Cinematic language in dialogues or lyrics is often melodramatic, invoking God, family, mother, duty, and self-sacrifice. Song lyrics are often about love.

Bollywood song lyrics especially in older films frequently use the poetic vocabulary of court Urdu, with a number of Persian loanwords.

Music directors often prefer working with certain lyricists, and the lyricist and composer may be seen as a team. This phenomenon has been compared to the pairs of American composers and songwriters who created classic Broadway musicals.

Sound in early Bollywood films was usually not recorded on location sync sound. It was usually created or re-created in the studio, [] with the actors speaking their lines in the studio and sound effects added later; this created synchronisation problems.

Lagaan was filmed with sync sound, [] and several Bollywood films have recorded on-location sound since then. Bollywood film music is called filmi from the Hindi "of films".

Although most actors are good dancers, few are also singers; a notable exception was Kishore Kumar , who starred in several major films during the s while having a rewarding career as a playback singer.

Saigal , Suraiyya, and Noor Jehan were known as singers and actors, and some actors in the last thirty years have sung one or more songs themselves.

Songs can make and break a film, determining whether it will be a flop or a hit: "Few films without successful musical tracks, and even fewer without any songs and dances, succeed".

Global trends such as salsa, pop and hip hop have influenced the music heard in Bollywood films. Playback singers are featured in the opening credits, and have fans who will see an otherwise-lackluster film to hear their favourites.

Kishore Kumar and Mohammed Rafi have been considered the finest singers of Bollywood songs, followed by Lata Mangeshkar who has recorded thousands of songs for Indian films in her six-decade career.

Composers of film music, known as music directors, are also well-known. Remixing of film songs with modern rhythms is common, and producers may release remixed versions of some of their films' songs with the films' soundtrack albums.

Dancing in Bollywood films, especially older films, is modeled on Indian dance: classical dance, dances of north-Indian courtesans tawaif or folk dances.

In modern films, Indian dance blends with Western dance styles as seen on MTV or in Broadway musicals; Western pop and classical-dance numbers are commonly seen side-by-side in the same film.

The hero or heroine often performs with a troupe of supporting dancers. Many song-and-dance routines in Indian films contain unrealistically-quick shifts of location or changes of costume between verses of a song.

If the hero and heroine dance and sing a duet, it is often staged in natural surroundings or architecturally-grand settings.

Songs typically comment on the action taking place in the film. A song may be worked into the plot, so a character has a reason to sing.

It may externalise a character's thoughts, or presage an event in the film such as two characters falling in love.

The songs are often referred to as a "dream sequence", with things happening which would not normally happen in the real world.

Song and dance scenes were often filmed in Kashmir but, due to political unrest in Kashmir since the end of the s, [] they have been shot in western Europe particularly Switzerland and Austria.

Bollywood producers have been releasing a film's soundtrack as tapes or CDs before the film's release, hoping that the music will attract audiences; a soundtrack is often more popular than its film.

Some producers also release music videos, usually but not always with a song from the film. The science-fiction film Ra. As Western films and television are more widely distributed in India, there is increased pressure for Bollywood films to reach the same production levels particularly in action and special effects.

Recent Bollywood films, like Krrish , have employed international technicians such as Hong Kong-based action choreographer Tony Ching.

The increasing accessibility of professional action and special effects, coupled with rising film budgets, have seen an increase in action and science-fiction films.

Indian producers have also obtained funding for big-budget films shot in India, such as Lagaan and Devdas. Funding for Bollywood films often comes from private distributors and a few large studios.

Although Indian banks and financial institutions had been forbidden from lending to film studios, the ban has been lifted.

Mumbai organised-crime hitmen shot Rakesh Roshan , a film director and father of star Hrithik Roshan , in January In , the Central Bureau of Investigation seized all prints of Chori Chori Chupke Chupke after the film was found to be funded by members of the Mumbai underworld.

Another problem facing Bollywood is widespread copyright infringement of its films. Often, bootleg DVD copies of movies are available before they are released in cinemas.

In addition to the homegrown market, demand for these copies is large amongst portions of the Indian diaspora. Bootleg copies are the only way people in Pakistan can watch Bollywood movies, since the Pakistani government has banned their sale, distribution and telecast.

Films are frequently broadcast without compensation by small cable-TV companies in India and other parts of South Asia.

Small convenience stores, run by members of the Indian diaspora in the US and the UK, regularly stock tapes and DVDs of dubious provenance; consumer copying adds to the problem.

The availability of illegal copies of movies on the Internet also contributes to industry losses. Satellite TV, television and imported foreign films are making inroads into the domestic Indian entertainment market.

In the past, most Bollywood films could make money; now, fewer do. Most Bollywood producers make money, however, recouping their investments from many sources of revenue including the sale of ancillary rights.

There are increasing returns from theatres in Western countries like the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States, where Bollywood is slowly being noticed.

As more Indians migrate to these countries, they form a growing market for upscale Indian films. In , Bollywood sold 3.

A number of Indian artists hand-painted movie billboards and posters. Husain painted film posters early in his career; human labour was found to be cheaper than printing and distributing publicity material.

Old hand-painted posters, once considered ephemera , are collectible folk art. Releasing film music, or music videos, before a film's release may be considered a form of advertising.

A popular tune is believed to help attract audiences. Most bigger-budget films have a websites on which audiences can view trailers, stills and information on the story, cast, and crew.

Product placement , used in Hollywood, is also common in Bollywood. Bollywood's increasing use of international settings such as Switzerland, London, Paris, New York, Mexico, Brazil and Singapore does not necessarily represent the people and cultures of those locales.

Contrary to these spaces and geographies being filmed as they are, they are actually Indianised by adding Bollywood actors and Hindi speaking extras to them.

While immersing in Bollywood films, viewers get to see their local experiences duplicated in different locations around the world. According to Shakuntala Rao, "Media representation can depict India's shifting relation with the world economy, but must retain its 'Indianness' in moments of dynamic hybridity"; [] "Indianness" cultural identity poses a problem with Bollywood's popularity among varied diaspora audiences, but gives its domestic audience a sense of uniqueness from other immigrant groups.

The Filmfare Awards are some of the most prominent awards given to Hindi films in India. Modeled on the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences ' poll-based merit format, individuals may vote in separate categories.

A dual voting system was developed in The National Film Awards were also introduced in The awards are made at an annual ceremony presided over by the president of India.

Unlike the Filmfare Awards, which are chosen by the public and a committee of experts, the National Film Awards are decided by a government panel.

Other awards ceremonies for Hindi films in India are the Screen Awards begun in and the Stardust Awards , which began in In addition to their popularity among the Indian diaspora from Nigeria and Senegal to Egypt and Russia , generations of non-Indians have grown up with Bollywood.

Bollywood films are also popular in Pakistan , Bangladesh , and Nepal , where Hindustani is widely understood. Many Pakistanis understand Hindi, due to its linguistic similarity to Urdu.

Exceptions to the ban were made for a few films, such as the colorized re-release of Mughal-e-Azam and Taj Mahal in Early in , the Pakistani government permitted the import of 16 films.

Although it is opposed by nationalists and representatives of Pakistan's small film industry, it is embraced by cinema owners who are making a profit after years of low receipts.

The most popular actress is Madhuri Dixit ; [] at India-Pakistan cricket matches during the s, Pakistani fans chanted " Madhuri dedo, Kashmir lelo!

The films are also popular in Afghanistan due to its proximity to the Indian subcontinent and their cultural similarities, particularly in music.

Bollywood films are popular in Southeast Asia , particularly in maritime Southeast Asia. The three Khans are very popular in the Malay world , including Indonesia , Malaysia , and Singapore.

The films are also fairly popular in Thailand. India has cultural ties with Indonesia, and Bollywood films were introduced to the country at the end of World War II in The "angry young man" films of Amitabh Bachchan and Salim—Javed were popular during the s and s before Bollywood's popularity began gradually declining in the s and s.

It experienced an Indonesian revival with the release of Shah Rukh Khan's Kuch Kuch Hota Hai in , which was a bigger box-office success in the country than Titanic Mil Gaya all , and Veer-Zaara The latter sparked a two-year boom in Indian films after its release, [] with Dil Se..

Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani , Awaara , and Do Bigha Zamin were successful in China during the s and s, and remain popular with their original audience.

Few Indian films were commercially successful in the country during the s and s, among them Tahir Hussain 's Caravan , Noorie and Disco Dancer.

Rahman to score his Warriors of Heaven and Earth When 3 Idiots was released in China, China was the world's 15th-largest film market partly due to its widespread pirate DVD distribution at the time.

The pirate market introduced the film to Chinese audiences, however, and it became a cult hit. According to the Douban film-review site, 3 Idiots is China's 12th-most-popular film of all time; only one domestic Chinese film Farewell My Concubine ranks higher, and Aamir Khan acquired a large Chinese fan base as a result.

Yash Raj Films ' Salaam Namaste , the first Indian film shot entirely in Australia, was the most successful Bollywood film of in that country.

India , and Singh Is Kinng Indian films were more popular in the Soviet Union than Hollywood films [] [] and, sometimes, domestic Soviet films.

As there was no means of other cheap entertainment, the films from Bollywood provided the Soviets a cheap source of entertainment as they were supposed to be non-controversial and non-political.

The films from India, which were also recovering from the disaster of partition and the struggle for freedom from colonial rule, were found to be a good source of providing hope with entertainment to the struggling masses.

The aspirations and needs of the people of both countries matched to a great extent. These films were dubbed in Russian and shown in theatres throughout the Soviet Union.

The films from Bollywood also strengthened family values, which was a big factor for their popularity with the government authorities in the Soviet Union.

After the collapse of the Soviet film-distribution system, Hollywood filled the void in the Russian film market and Bollywood's market share shrank.

In Poland , Shah Rukh Khan has a large following. Bollywood films are often covered in Gazeta Wyborcza , formerly Poland's largest newspaper.

The upcoming movie Squad , is the first Indian film to be shot in Belarus. A majority of the film was shot at Belarusfilm studios, in Minsk. Hindi films have become popular in Arab countries , [] and imported Indian films are usually subtitled in Arabic when they are released.

Bollywood has progressed in Israel since the early s, with channels dedicated to Indian films on cable television; [] MBC Bollywood and Zee Aflam show Hindi movies and serials.

In Egypt, Bollywood films were popular during the s and s. In , however, they were restricted to a handful of films by the Egyptian government.

Bollywood movies are regularly screened in Dubai cinemas, and Bollywood is becoming popular in Turkey; Barfi!

Bollywood films are not influential in most of South America, although its culture and dance is recognised. Due to significant South Asian diaspora communities in Suriname [] and Guyana , however, Hindi-language movies are popular.

Hindi films were originally distributed to some parts of Africa by Lebanese businessmen, and Mother India continued to be screened in Nigeria decades after its release.

Indian movies have influenced Hausa clothing, songs have been covered by Hausa singers, and stories have influenced Nigerian novelists.

Stickers of Indian films and stars decorate taxis and buses in Nigeria's Northern Region , and posters of Indian films hang on the walls of tailoring shops and mechanics' garages.

Unlike Europe and North America, where Indian films cater to the expatriate marke, Bollywood films became popular in West Africa despite the lack of a significant Indian audience.

One possible explanation is cultural similarity: the wearing of turbans, animals in markets; porters carrying large bundles, and traditional wedding celebrations.

Within Muslim culture, Indian movies were said to show "respect" toward women; Hollywood movies were seen as having "no shame".

In Indian movies, women are modestly dressed; men and women rarely kiss and there is no nudity , so the films are said to "have culture" which Hollywood lacks.

The latter "don't base themselves on the problems of the people"; Indian films are based on socialist values and the reality of developing countries emerging from years of colonialism.

Indian movies permitted a new youth culture without "becoming Western. In South Africa , film imports from India were watched by black and Indian audiences.

Bollywood, however, seems to be diminishing in popularity in Africa. New Bollywood films are more sexually explicit and violent.

Nigerian viewers observed that older films from the s and s had more culture and were less Westernised. The first Indian film to be released in the Western world and receive mainstream attention was Aan , directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Dilip Kumar and Nimmi.

It was subtitled in 17 languages and released in 28 countries, [] including the United Kingdom , [] the United States , and France.

Many Bollywood films have been commercially successful in the United Kingdom. Bollywood is also appreciated in France, Germany , the Netherlands , [] and Scandinavia.

Pressured by rushed production schedules and small budgets, some Bollywood writers and musicians have been known to plagiarise.

Before the s, plagiarism occurred with impunity. Copyright enforcement was lax in India, and few actors or directors saw an official contract.

Audiences may not have been aware of plagiarism, since many in India were unfamiliar with foreign films and music. A commonly-reported justification for plagiarism in Bollywood is that cautious producers want to remake popular Hollywood films in an Indian context.

Although screenwriters generally produce original scripts, many are rejected due to uncertainty about whether a film will be successful.

Copying is endemic everywhere in India. Our TV shows are adaptations of American programmes. We want their films, their cars, their planes, their Diet Cokes and also their attitude.

The American way of life is creeping into our culture. There's no such thing as originality in the creative sphere".

Although very few cases of film-copyright violations have been taken to court because of a slow legal process, [] the makers of Partner and Zinda were targeted by the owners and distributors of the original films: Hitch and Oldboy.

The Pakistani Qawwali musician Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan had a big impact on Bollywood music, inspiring numerous Indian musicians working in Bollywood, especially during the s.

However, there were many instances of Indian music directors plagiarising Khan's music to produce hit filmi songs. He should at least respect my religious songs.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Hindi film industry. For the entire film culture of India, see Cinema of India. For the tree species, see Bollywood tree.

Not to be confused with Hollywood. Hindi language film industry. Mythology and folklore. Mythology folklore Indian epic poetry Vedic mythology Buddhist mythology.

Architecture Sculpture Painting. Indian poetry. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema. World Heritage Sites. Flag Coat of arms.

It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled History of Indian cinema. Discuss April The Salim—Javed screenwriting duo, consisting of Salim Khan left and Javed Akhtar , revolutionized Indian cinema in the s [64] and are considered Bollywood's greatest screenwriters.

Shah Rukh Khan , one of the " Three Khans ", in He was the most successful Indian actor for most of the s and s [87]. Aamir Khan , one of the "Three Khans", in He has been the most successful Indian actor since the late s.

See also: Muslim social. See also: Bombay Hindi and Tapori word. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message.

See also: List of highest-grossing Indian films in overseas markets and List of highest-grossing Indian films.

Bollywood portal India portal Film portal. Retrieved 13 August The Numbers. Film Federation of India. Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 25 November Retrieved 21 April The Hindu.

Retrieved 8 April Bombay Cinema: An Archive of the City. University of Minnesota Press. The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 November Frommer's India.

How Hollywood works. Jha; Subhash The Essential Guide to Bollywood. Roli Books. Business Week. Creativity at Work. Copenhagen Business School.

Archived from the original PDF on 30 January Retrieved 18 December National Science and Media Museum. Oxford University Press. JA: I write dialogue in Urdu, but the action and descriptions are in English.

Then an assistant transcribes the Urdu dialogue into Devnagari because most people read Hindi. But I write in Urdu. So most dialogue-writers and most song-writers are from the Urdu discipline, even today.

Film World. I feel that the Government should eradicate the age-old evil of certifying Urdu films as Hindi ones. It is a known fact that Urdu has been willingly accepted and used by the film industry.

Two eminent Urdu writers Krishan Chander and Ismat Chughtai have said that "more than seventy-five per cent of films are made in Urdu.

It is a gross misrepresentation and unjust to the people who love Urdu. Bollywood: a guidebook to popular Hindi cinema. Psychology Press.

Retrieved 25 April An introduction to film studies. Hindustan Times. Penguin UK. The Times of India. Retrieved 20 February BenBella Books, Inc.

Retrieved 10 March Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 31 May Chennai, India. The Telegraph Calcutta. Cultural Dynamics. Madhava Prasad traces the origin of the term to a article in the American Cinematographer by Wilford E.

Deming, an American engineer who apparently helped produce the first Indian sound picture. At this point, the Calcutta suburb of Tollygunge was the main center of film production in India.

Deming refers to the area as Tollywood, since it already boasted two studios with 'several more projected' Prasad, 'Tolly', rhyming with 'Holly', got hinged to 'wood' in the Anglophone Indian imagination, and came to denote the Calcutta studios and, by extension, the local film industry.

Prasad surmises: 'Once Tollywood was made possible by the fortuitous availability of a half-rhyme, it was easy to clone new Hollywood babies by simply replacing the first letter' Prasad, Retrieved 1 November The Guardian.

Retrieved 20 September Dadasaheb Phalke, the father of Indian cinema. Retrieved 17 November New Delhi: Sage Publications. Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema.

The Tribune. Retrieved 9 March Migrants, Refugees and the Stateless in South Asia. SAGE Publications.

From Midnight to Glorious Morning? Haus Publishing. Moti Gokulsing, K. Gokulsing, Wimal Dissanayake Trentham Books.

Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism. Economic and Political Weekly. Thaindian News. Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 29 July Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 15 July Film in review; 'Mother India ' ".

The New York Times. Retrieved 7 June University of California, Los Angeles. Archived from the original on 20 June Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 8 February Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 19 September Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 30 June Retrieved 12 November Dear Cinema.

Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 13 April Passion For Cinema. Retrieved 19 April Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 1 December Retrieved 29 November Hero Vol.

Hay House. Penguin Books. Retrieved 24 March Retrieved 18 June JaiMummyDi to release on 17 Jan Directed by Navjot Gulati Produced by TSeries and Luv Films".

Retrieved 6 September Hindustan Times. StreetDancer 3D will now release on 24 Jan Directed by Remo D'Souza Second schedule currently in progress in Dubai".

Retrieved 27 May Retrieved 29 January HappyHardyAndHeer to release on 31 Jan Stars Himesh Reshammiya in double role Directed by Raka Produced by Deepshikha Deshmukh and Sabita Manakchand".

Retrieved 5 December JawaaniJaaneman will now release earlier: 31 Jan Directed by Nitin Kakkar Teaser poster". Retrieved 23 December Zee News Hindi.

Retrieved 15 January The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 December First look poster of Hacked Produced by Amar Thakkar and Krishna Bhatt Zee Studios presentation".

Retrieved 8 January Motion poster of Vidhu Vinod Chopra's Shikara Produced by Vinod Chopra Films Presented by Fox Star Studios First look poster of LoveAajKal Costars RandeepHooda and newcomer ArushiSharma Directed by Imtiaz Ali Produced by Dinesh Vijan and Imtiaz Ali Retrieved 16 January Archived from the original on 24 March Retrieved 14 February Stars Vicky Kaushal and Bhumi Pednekar Directed by Bhanu Pratap Singh Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 12 January After ShubhMangalSaavdhan Teaser of the second installment in the franchise: ShubhMangalZyadaSaavdhan Stars Ayushmann Khurrana Directed by Hitesh Kewalya Produced by Aanand L Rai Retrieved 10 May Trailer of Doordarshan Directed by Gagan Puri Produced by Ritu Arya Miliye Guddu Shukla se First look poster of GunsOfBanaras Directed by Shekkhar Suri Taran Adarsh.

Retrieved 13 January Deccan Herald. After Article15, director Anubhav Sinha's new film is titled Thappad Release date finalized: 28 Feb Produced by Bhushan Kumar and Anubhav Sinha First glimpse".

Taran Adarsh on Twitter. Retrieved 16 December Republic World. Directed by Ahmed Khan Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 8 March Stars SanjayMishra and DeepakDobriyal Directed by Hardik Mehta Drishyam Films production Retrieved 31 January India Today.

Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 18 March Business Insider. The Times of India. Archived from the original on 10 April Retrieved 7 April Retrieved 30 April NDTV Gadgets Retrieved 13 May Indian Express.

Retrieved 14 May Telangana Today. Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 2 July Mid Day.

Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 12 July Retrieved 16 July India TV News. Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 6 August Retrieved 27 August Retrieved 7 September Gadgets Retrieved 5 September Retrieved 3 September Retrieved 4 September Retrieved 21 September Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 11 September News Retrieved 29 September Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 19 October Punjab Kesari.

Retrieved 23 October Retrieved 9 October Retrieved 12 October Film portal Lists portal.

Bollywoodlove

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Bollywood Romantic Love Songs 2020 💖 New Hindi Songs 2020 November 💖 Bollywood Hits Songs 2020 See all condition definitions - opens in Tatortreiniger Serien Stream new window or tab Mittwoch, 4. Mediengruppe: DVD. Standorte: TT. Get the item you ordered or get your money back. Auch wenn es Raj komisch vorkommt, was Shawn und Gus mit ihm machen, so glaubt er ihnen doch, dass sie ihn von seinem Fluch befreit haben. InBollywood sold 3. Mumbai organised-crime hitmen shot Rakesh Roshana film director and father of star Hrithik Roshanin January Rise Of The Tomb Raider Test However, colour did not become a popular feature until the late s. Ginny Weds Sunny. These are called masala filmsafter the Hindi word for a spice mixture. Indian Cinema: The Bollywood Saga. Retrieved 22 November The Times. The Asian Age. Deming, an American engineer who apparently helped produce the first Johann Koenig sound picture.

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